Brief Descriptions of Project (Rev - 03)
Iran, as one of the largest countries in the Middle East and the Persian Gulf region, is facing a serious water shortage, especially in the southern and eastern areas of the country.
On the other hand, having approximately 68 types of (non-oil) minerals, including about 37 billion tons of previously discovered reserves and about 58 billion tons of potential reserves, Iran is one of the world's fifteen great mining powers and is also considered as one of the mineral-rich countries.
A great bulk of Iran's mines, such as iron and copper ore mines, are located in south-east of the country, most importantly in Hormozgan, Kerman and Yazd Provinces. For instance, Gol-Gohar Sirjan Iron Ore Mine, with the geological storage of about 1020 million tons, is the largest iron ore mine discovered in the Middle East, and Sarcheshmeh Copper Mine is known as one of the largest copper mines in the region.
Due to the region's extremely high potential, large development projects, concerning mining industries such as production and processing of iron ore, concentration, pelletizing, steeling and extraction and processing of copper, are currently in progress.
The high potential of the country's south-eastern region in terms of mines and mining industries, on one hand, and the implementation of massive development projects for mining in the region and consequently processing of the extracted products, on the other hand, have given prominence to this region in terms of development of non-oil economy.
Development and utilization of the aforementioned projects require huge water resources. Local water resources are not capable of supplying this amount of water; thus, the sea water is going to be considered as on the only reliable water resources.
Based on this approach, Gol-Gohar Mining and Industrial Complex, National Iranian Copper Industries Co. and Chadormalu Mining & Industrial Co. have put supplying, transmission and distribution of approximately 110 million cubic meters of water annually on their agenda so as to supply water for the current facilities and the projects in progress. In this regard, the Persian Gulf Water Supply and Transmission Co (WASCO) has been established and has taken on the responsibility of management and operation of this great project. At the first phase of this project, 110 million cubic meters of the sea water per year are desalinated and transferring over a distance of about 800 kilometers to usage places (i.e. Gol-Gohar Mining and Industrial complex, Sarcheshmeh Copper Complex. and Chadormalu Mining & Industrial Complex).
2- Objectives of the Project
The major goal of this project is to partially supply the current water requirements and development projects of the companies contributing in the project and the other consumers; which are displayed in the following table.
Table (2-1): The Amount of Water Required by Each Consumer
The project is located between Hormozgan, Kerman and Yazd Provinces.
The project starts from in the desalinization plants in the western part of Bandar Abbas City, (adjacent to the shipyard) the of pipe line, passes through the mountain part of Finn and Haji-Abad cities and enters the plain and moves toward Gol-Gohar Mining Co. which is located 50 kilometers south-west of Sirjan city then the pipe line moved toward Sarcheshmeh Copper Mines located south-west of Rafsanjan City in Kerman Province.
Subsequently, from Sarcheshmeh transmission line, moves toward Yazd Province until it reaches Yazd steel industrial zone in north-west of Yazd City. One offshoot of the transmission line is also split towards Chadormalu Mines. In figure (2-1), the transmission line route and the project location are illustrated.
As observed in Fig. (2-1), the current project includes three main parts. The first part is the distance between Bandar Abbas Desalination Plant and the area of Sirjan Gol-Gohar Mining Co. The second part is the distance between Gol-Gohar Co. and Sarcheshmeh Copper Co., and the third part is the distance between Sarcheshmeh Copper Co. and Ardakan Steel Industry in the region of Yazd and also Chadormalu Mining Industries.
In the first part, water is transmitted from Bandar Abbas Desalination Plants and is pumped, by 1600 mm nominal diameter steel water transmission pipe, toward Sirjan Gol-Gohar Mine. This line includes seven pumping stations with the total consuming power of about 145 MW and the total pumping height of about 2400 meter water column.
The length of transmission line of the first part will be approximately 300 kilometers at a rate of 4.0 cubic meters per second from the zero datum of the sea level (Bandar Abbas Desalination plant) to 1800 meters sea level in Gol-Gohar region.
In the second part, water is pumped from reservoirs that will be established in the area of Gol-Gohar Mining and Industrial Complex, by the 1400 mm and 1500 mm nominal diameter water transmission line, toward Sarcheshmeh Copper Co. This line includes four pumping stations with the total consuming power of about 40 MW and total pumping height of 1300 metersH2O.
Transmission line of the second part, with the approximately length of 150 kilometers, at a rate of about 2.7 cubic meters per second, from 1800 meters of the sea level to 2750 meters of the sea level in Sarcheshmeh Copper Mineral and Industrial Complex.
In the third part, water is transmitted from the reservoir that will be constructed in the area of Sarcheshmeh Copper Mine, by 500 and 1100 mm nominal diameter steel water transmission line, toward the Steel Industries of Yazd Province and Chadormalu Mining Industries. This line includes a gravity line and a pumping line with two pumping stations. The total consuming power is about 3 MW and the total pumping height is 400 meters.
The transmission line of the third part, with the approximate length of 350 kilometers (510 km including the Chadormalu Iron Ore Mine subordinate line), will transfer water at a rate of 1.5 cubic meters per second to the places of usage.
The project progress description in design and execution phases is shown in below table: